LoveDA: A Remote sensing Land-c over Dataset for Domain Adaptive Semantic Segmentation Remote Sensing Imagery
NeurIPS 2021



Deep learning approaches have shown promising results in remote sensing high spatial resolution (HSR) land-cover mapping. However, urban and rural scenes can show completely different geographical landscapes, and the inadequate generalizability of these algorithms hinders city-level or national-level mapping. Most of the existing HSR land-cover datasets mainly promote the research of learning semantic representation, thereby ignoring the model transferability. In this paper, we introduce the Land-cOVEr Domain Adaptive semantic segmentation (LoveDA) dataset to advance semantic and transferable learning. The LoveDA dataset contains 5987 HSR images with 166768 annotated objects from three different cities. Compared to the existing datasets, the LoveDA dataset encompasses two domains (urban and rural), which brings considerable challenges due to the: 1) multi-scale objects; 2) complex background samples; and 3) inconsistent class distributions.The LoveDA dataset is suitable for both land-cover semantic segmentation and unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) tasks. Accordingly, we benchmarked the LoveDA dataset on eleven semantic segmentation methods and eight UDA methods. Some exploratory studies including multi-scale architectures and strategies, additional background supervision, and pseudo-label analysis were also carried out to address these challenges.


  1. 5987 high spatial resolution (0.3 m) remote sensing images from Nanjing, Changzhou, and Wuhan
  2. Focus on different geographical environments between Urban and Rural
  3. Advance both semantic segmentation and domain adaptation tasks
  4. Three considerable challenges:
    - Multi-scale objects
    - Complex background samples
    - Inconsistent class distributions.

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 title={Love{DA}: A Remote Sensing Land-Cover Dataset for Domain Adaptive Semantic Segmentation},
 author={Junjue Wang and Zhuo Zheng and Ailong Ma and Xiaoyan Lu and Yanfei Zhong},
 booktitle={Thirty-fifth Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems Datasets and Benchmarks Track (Round 2)},
 author={Ma Ailong, Wang Junjue, Zhong Yanfei and Zheng Zhuo},
 journal={IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing},
 title={FactSeg: Foreground Activation Driven Small Object Semantic Segmentation in Large-Scale Remote Sensing Imagery},
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